AskDefine | Define particular

Dictionary Definition

particular adj
1 unique or specific to a person or thing or category; "the particular demands of the job"; "has a paraticular preference for Chinese art"; "a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"; "an expression peculiar to Canadians"; "rights peculiar to the rich"; "the special features of a computer"; "my own special chair" [syn: particular(a), peculiar(a), special(a)]
2 separate and distinct from others; "an exception in this particular case" [syn: particular(a)]
3 separate and distinct from others of the same group or category; "interested in one particular artist"; "a man who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with him" [syn: particular(a)]
4 surpassing what is common or usual or expected; "he paid especial attention to her"; "exceptional kindness"; "a matter of particular and unusual importance"; "a special occasion"; "a special reason to confide in her"; "what's so special about the year 2000?" [syn: especial(a), exceptional, particular(a), special]
5 first and most important; "his special interest is music"; "she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her volunteer work" [syn: special]
6 exacting especially about details; "a finicky eater"; "fussy about clothes"; "very particular about how her food was prepared" [syn: finical, finicky, fussy]
7 providing specific details or circumstances; "a particular description of the room" [syn: particular(a)]

Noun

1 a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always reasons from the particular to the general" [syn: specific] [ant: general, general]
2 a small part that can be considered separately from the whole; "it was perfect in all details" [syn: detail, item]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /pɜrˈtɪkjəlɜr/ (US)
  • /p3r"tIkj@l3r/ (US)

Etymology

From Old French particuler, from Latin particularis. See particle.

Adjective

  1. specific; discrete; a part or portion of something.
  2. Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; precise; fastidious.

Antonyms

Related terms

  • particulars (certain individuals - not used in singular)

Translations

specific; discrete; a part or portion of something
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: تایبه‌تی
concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; precise; fastidious

External links

Webster 1913}}

Spanish

Adjective

Extensive Definition

In metaphysics, particulars are, one might say, identified by what they are not: they are not abstractions, not multiply-instantiated--i.e. they are concrete. (There are, however, theories of abstract particulars or tropes.) Hence, Socrates is a particular (there's only one Socrates-the-teacher-of-Plato and one cannot make copies of him, e.g., by cloning him, without introducing new, distinct particulars). Redness, by contrast, is not a particular, because (it is held by metaphysical realists) it is abstract and multiply-instantiated (my bicycle, this apple, and that woman's hair are all red).
The fact of the matter is that all such terms are used by philosophers with a rough-and-ready idea of how they work. If there is confusion or lack of agreement about the specifics, that is a reflection of the fact that philosophers have many competing metaphysical theories that inform more precise, but idiosyncratic, accounts of the meanings of these terms. Hence, for example, for convenience in formulating a solution to the problem of universals, 'particular' can be pressed into service in describing the particular instance of redness of a particular apple--even though redness (being abstract) is precisely the sort of thing that is not supposed to be particular. See philosophical jargon.
particular in Japanese: 特別
particular in Norwegian: Partikulare
particular in Finnish: Partikulaari

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

absolute, accurate, adjunct, adoptive, adventure, appointive, appropriate, article, aspect, attentive, blow-by-blow, brass tacks, careful, case, categorical, censorious, certain, characteristic, choicy, choosing, choosy, circumstance, citation, classificational, classificatory, close, component, concrete, conscientious, constituent, contingent, correct, count, critical, cross reference, cross section, dainty, datum, defined, defining, definite, delicate, demanding, demonstration, denominative, detachment, detail, detailed, determinate, different, differential, discrete, discriminating, discriminative, distinct, distinctive, distinguished, distributional, distributive, division, divisional, divisionary, dole, eclectic, elective, electoral, element, episode, equal, esoteric, especial, especially, essential facts, essentials, even stephen, event, exact, exacting, exactly, example, exceptional, exemplification, exigent, experience, express, exquisite, extraordinary, facet, fact, factor, fastidious, fifty-fifty, fine, fine point, finical, finicking, finicky, fixed, fraction, full, fussy, half, half-and-half, halvers, hap, happening, happenstance, hypercritical, illustration, in particular, incident, incidental, individual, information, inner, installment, instance, intimate, isolated, item, itemized, lone, marked, matter, matter of fact, meticulous, minor detail, minute, minutia, minutiae, narrow, nice, notable, noteworthy, occasion, occurrence, one, only, ordinal, outstanding, painstaking, parcel, part, particular, particularized, particularly, particulars, peculiar, per capita, per head, percentage, perfectionistic, pernickety, persnickety, personal, phenomenon, picayune, picky, point, portion, precise, precisely, precisianistic, precisionistic, priggish, private, pro rata, proportional, proportionate, prorated, prudish, punctilious, punctual, puristic, puritanic, quadrant, quarter, quota, quotation, random sample, reality, reference, refined, regard, religious, remainder, remarkable, respect, respective, rigid, rigorous, sample, sampling, scrupulous, scrutinizing, section, sector, segment, selecting, selective, sensitive, separate, several, share, single, singular, sole, solipsistic, solitary, special, speciality, specially, specific, specifically, strict, subdivision, subdivisional, subgroup, subspecies, subtle, taxonomic, the concrete, the data, the details, the dope, the facts, the individual, the information, the particular, the particulars, the picture, the scoop, the score, the special, the specific, the specifics, the unique, the whole story, thing, thorough, turn of events, typal, typical, unique, unusual
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